The AKC offers a wide variety of resources to assist everyone from the first-time puppy buyer to the experienced dog fancier.  All exhibitors are
required to be familiar with these rules prior to entering a dog show. To order the rule book, contact Customer Service at 919-233-9767 or via email
at OrderDesk@akc.org. Copies of this rulebook may also be purchased at our online store. The following information is intended as a general
description of dog shows and is not intended as complete information about any aspect of showing. For complete information, see the Rules
Applying to Dog Shows.

This is the AKC
The American Kennel Club was established in 1884 to promote the study, breeding, exhibiting and advancement of purebred dogs. It is the largest
not-for-profit purebred dog registry in the nation.

The AKC approves and maintains the official records of over 15,000 sanctioned and licensed events each year.

The AKC has approximately 500 member clubs and over 4,000 affiliated clubs. These clubs are more than show-giving entities. They are public
service, educational organizations whose activities benefit their entire community. Some AKC club activities include public education through
presentations at schools, fairs, libraries, shelters, hospitals, rescue leagues, scouts and 4-H; training classes; and health clinics.

AKC registration means a dog, its parents, and its ancestors are purebred. It does not indicate health or quality. Dogs registered with the AKC can
have their offspring registered and compete in AKC events.

The World of Dog Shows
Showing dogs is a great sport where the thrill of competition is combined with the joy of seeing beautiful dogs. Dog shows are one of many types of
AKC dog events in which AKC-registered dogs can compete. These events, which draw over three million entries annually, include dog shows and
tests of instinct and trainability, such as obedience trials, Canine Good Citizen tests, field trials, agility trials, lure coursing, rally, hunting tests,
herding trials, tracking tests, coonhound and earthdog events.

Dog shows (conformation events) are intended to evaluate breeding stock. The size of these events ranges from large all-breed shows, with over
3,000 dogs entered, to small local specialty club shows, featuring a specific breed. The dog's conformation (overall appearance and structure), an
indication of the dog's ability to produce quality puppies, is judged.

Types of Conformation Dog Shows
There are three types of conformation dog shows:

All-breed shows offer competitions for over 150 breeds and varieties of dogs recognized by the AKC. All-breed shows are the type often shown on
television

Specialty shows are restricted to dogs of a specific breed or to varieties of one breed. For example, the Bulldog Club of America Specialty is for
Bulldogs only, but the Poodle Club of America's specialty show includes the three varieties of the Poodle - Standard, Miniature and Toy.

Group shows are limited to dogs belonging to one of the seven groups. For example, the Potomac Hound Group show features only breeds
belonging to the Hound group.

Which Dogs May Participate
To be eligible to compete, a dog must:

- be individually registered with the American Kennel Club

- be 6 months of age or older

- be a breed for which classes are offered at a show

- meet any eligibility requirements in the written standard for its breed

Spayed or neutered dogs are not eligible to compete in conformation classes at a dog show, because the purpose of a dog show is to evaluate
breeding stock.

The Role of the Judge
Judges examine the dogs, then give awards according to how closely each dog compares to the judge's mental image of the "perfect" dog described
in the breed's official standard.

The standard describes the characteristics that allow the breed to perform the function for which it was bred. These standards include specifications
for structure, temperament and movement.

The official written standard for each breed is maintained by the breed's national club and is included in the The Complete Dog Book published by
the AKC.

The judges are experts on the breeds they are judging. They examine ("go over") each dog with their hands to see if the teeth, muscles, bones and
coat texture conform to the breed's standard. They view each dog in profile for overall balance, and watch each dog gait ("move") to see how all of
those features fit together in action.

How a Dog Show Works
Each dog presented to a judge is exhibited ("handled") by its owner, breeder or a hired professional. The role of a handler is similar to that of a
jockey who rides a horse around the track and, hopefully, into the winner's circle.

Most dogs in competition at conformation shows are competing for points toward their AKC championships. It takes fifteen points, including two
majors (wins of three, four or five points) awarded by at least three different judges, to become an American Kennel Club "Champion of Record."

The number of championship points awarded at a show depends on the number of males ("dogs") and females ("bitches") of the breed actually in
competition. The larger the entry, the greater the number of points a male or a female can win. The maximum number of points awarded to a dog at
any show is 5 points.

Males and females compete separately within their respective breeds, in seven regular classes. The following classes are offered, and are divided
by sex:

Puppy - For dogs between six and twelve months of age, that are not yet champions (optional class).

Twelve-To-Eighteen Months - For dogs twelve to eighteen months of age, that are not yet champions (optional class).

Novice - For dogs six months of age and over, which have not, prior to the date of closing of entries, won three first prizes in the Novice Class, a first
prize in Bred-by-Exhibitor, American-bred, or Open Classes, nor one or more points toward their championship (optional class).

Amateur-Owner-Handler – For dogs that are at least six months of age that are not champions.  Dogs must be handled in the class by the registered
owner of the dog and is limited to exhibitors who have not, at any point in time, been a professional dog handler, AKC approved conformation judge,
or employed as an assistant to a professional handler (effective January 1, 2009) (optional class).

Bred By Exhibitor - For dogs that are exhibited by their owner and breeder, that are not yet champions (optional class).

American-Bred - For dogs born in the United States from a mating which took place in the United States, that are not yet champions (mandatory
class).

Open - For any dog of the breed, at least 6 months of age (mandatory class).

After these classes are judged, all the dogs that won first place in a class compete again to see who is the best of the winning dogs. Males and
females are judged separately. Only the best male (Winners Dog) and the best female (Winners Bitch) receive championship points. The Winners
Dog and Winners Bitch then compete with the champions for the Best of Breed award. At the end of the Best of Breed Competition, three awards are
usually given:

Best of Breed - the dog judged as the best in its breed category.

Best of Winners - the dog judged as the better of the Winners Dog and Winners Bitch.

Best of Opposite Sex - the best dog that is the opposite sex to the Best of Breed winner.

The Road to Best in Show
Dog shows are a process of elimination, with one dog being named Best in Show at the end of the show.

Only the Best of Breed winners advance to compete in the Group competitions. Each AKC-recognized breed falls into one of seven group
classifications. The seven groups are Sporting, Hound, Working, Terrier, Toy, Non-Sporting and Herding. Four placements are awarded in each
group, but only the first-place winner advances to the Best In Show competition.

The Seven Groups in All-Breed Shows
Sporting - These dogs were bred to hunt game birds both on land and in the water. The breeds in this group include
Pointers, Retrievers, Setters and Spaniels.

Hounds - These breeds were bred for hunting other game by sight or scent. These breeds include such dogs as Beagles,
Bassets, Dachshunds and Greyhounds.

Working - These dogs were bred to pull carts, guard property and perform search and rescue services. Among the breeds in this group are the
Akita, Boxer, Doberman Pincher and St. Bernard.

Terrier - This group includes breeds such as the Airedale, Cairn Terrier and Scottish Terrier. Terriers were bred to rid property of vermin such as
rats.

Toy - These dogs were bred to be household companions. This group includes little dogs such as the Chihuahua, Maltese, Pomeranian and Pug.

Non-Sporting - This diverse group includes the Chow Chow, Bulldog, Dalmatian and Poodle. These dogs vary in size and function, and many are
considered companion dogs.

Herding - These dogs were bred to help shepherds and ranchers herd their livestock. The Briard, Collie, German Shepherd Dog and Old English
Sheepdog are some of the breeds in this group.

Finally, the seven group winners are brought into the ring where they compete for Best In Show, the highest award at a dog show.

Ribbons
Each dog that receives an award is given a ribbon by the judge. The color of the ribbon indicates the type of award the dog has won.

Blue - awarded for first place in any regular class. Also awarded to the winner of each group competition, usually in the form of a "rosette".

Red - awarded for second place in each class. Also awarded for second place in each group competition, usually in the form of a "rosette".

Yellow - awarded for third place in each class. Also awarded for third place in each group competition, usually in the form of a "rosette".

White - awarded for fourth place in each class. Also awarded for fourth place of each group competition, usually in the form of a "rosette".

Purple - awarded to the winners of the Winners Dog and Winners Bitch classes. Since these are the classes in which championship points are
earned, these ribbons are highly coveted.

Purple and White - awarded to the Reserve Winners; that is, the runners-up to the winner of the Winners Dog and Winners

Bitch classes
Blue and White - awarded to the dog that wins Best of Winners; that is, the better of the Winners Dog and Winners Bitch winners.

Purple and Gold - awarded to the dog judged "Best of Breed" in each breed competition. This is highly coveted because it allows advancement to
the Group competition.

Red and White - awarded to the Best of Opposite Sex. This means the best dog of the breed that is the opposite sex of the
Best of Breed winner.

Red, White and Blue - only one of these is awarded, at the end of each show. It is given to the ultimate award winner, the Best In Show.

How Do I Get Started Showing My Dog?
The best place to start is by joining a local kennel club, whether an all-breed kennel club or a breed-specific specialty club. A listing of clubs by state
can be found on our Club Search page or through our customer service department by calling (919) 233-9767.

Local clubs will have information on training classes for the show ring, and for obedience and agility classes. Even if the show ring is not your
ultimate goal, the relationship that training forms between you and your dog will be very rewarding to you both. Local clubs also have "Matches"
where you and your dog can test your skill in the ring.

Handling your dog is an exceptional and enjoyable experience. From the grooming table to the show ring, you and your dog will develop a bond.
While training classes offer the best hands-on way to practice for the show ring, attending shows and observing your breed is also a great way to
gain understanding of what judges and other competitors do.

If you do not wish to handle your dog yourself,  have a friend or family member do it, you may contact a professional handler who charges a fee for
showing your dog.

You're on your way! You are entering a sport that will bring many hours of enjoyment and education to every member of your family. You will make
many friends in the sport, and will enjoy your dog and your new hobby for many years to come.

Junior Showmanship
The AKC offers children 9 to 18 years of age the opportunity to compete with others their own age at various AKC events. Juniors competing in
conformation events are judged on how they present their dogs.

Tips for the First-Time Exhibitor
Make sure your dog is registered with the AKC.

Be sure your dog is current on all inoculations.

Learn the proper techniques for grooming and for presenting your dog in the ring.

Join your breed's Parent Club, or a Local Specialty and/or All-Breed club in your area.

Become familiar with the AKC rules and regulations for dog shows.

Attend some dog shows to observe your breed being judged and how others present your breed. Get a Judging Program at the show to find out ring
number and judging time.

Use the knowledge of your breeder.

Don't be afraid to ask questions.

Attend handling classes with your dog.

Tips for the First-Time Spectator
If the grooming area is open to spectators, visit it and talk with professional groomers to get tips on keeping your dog looking his best.

However tempting, do not pet a dog without asking for permission first. The dog may have just been groomed in preparation for being judged.

At each dog show, you will find vendors and information booths. Many club booths offer helpful information to the general public.

Wear comfortable shoes - you'll be doing a lot of walking. Unless you bring a chair or arrive early, be prepared to stand most of the time, as seating
is usually limited.

If you are considering getting a purebred dog, talk to the breeders and exhibitors - they are experts in their breeds

If you bring a baby stroller to a dog show, be careful that you do not run over any dog's tail, and that your child does not grab or poke the dogs it
can reach. Avoid having them near ring entrances, which are especially crowded. Some shows prohibit baby strollers.

Dog Show Terms
Angulation - Angles created by bones meeting at their joints.

Baiting - Using liver or some treat to get the dog's attention and have him look alert.

Bench Show - A dog show at which the dogs are kept on assigned benches when not being shown in competition, so they can be viewed and
discussed by attendees, exhibitors and breeders.

Exhibitor - A person who brings a dog to a dog show and shows it in the appropriate class.

Fancier - A person who is especially interested, and usually active, in some phase of the sport of purebred dogs.

Gait - The way a dog moves, movement is a good indicator of structure and condition.

Groom - To brush, comb, trim or otherwise make a dog's coat neat.

Handler - A person or agent who takes a dog into the show ring or who works the dog at a field trial or other performance event.

Heel - A command to a dog to keep close beside its handler.

Match Show - A usually informal dog show at which no championship points are awarded.

Miscellaneous Class - Transitional class for breeds attempting to advance to full AKC recognition.

Pedigree - The written record of a dog's family tree of three or more generations.

Points - Credits earned toward a championship.

Soundness - Mental and physical well-being.

Stacking - Posing the dog's legs and body to create a pleasing picture.
General Appearance
Low to ground, long in body and short of leg, with robust muscular development; the skin is elastic and pliable without excessive wrinkling. Appearing
neither crippled, awkward, nor cramped in his capacity for movement, the Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head carriage and
intelligent, alert facial expression. His hunting spirit, good nose, long tongue and distinctive build make him well-suited for below-ground work and for
beating the bush. His keen nose gives him an advantage over most other breeds for trailing. NOTE: Inasmuch as the dachshund is a hunting dog,
scars from honorable wounds shall not be considered a fault.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Bred and shown in two sizes, standard and miniature; miniatures are not a separate classification but compete in a class division for "11 pounds and
under at 12 months of age and older." Weight of the standard size is usually between 16 and 32 pounds.

Head
Viewed from above or from the side, the head tapers uniformly to the tip of the nose. The eyes are of medium size, almond-shaped and dark-
rimmed, with an energetic, pleasant expression; not piercing; very dark in color. The bridge bones over the eyes are strongly prominent. Wall eyes,
except in the case of dappled dogs, are a serious fault. The ears are set near the top of the head, not too far forward, of moderate length, rounded,
not narrow, pointed, or folded. Their carriage, when animated, is with the forward edge just touching the cheek so that the ears frame the face. The
skull is slightly arched, neither too broad nor too narrow, and slopes gradually with little perceptible stop into the finely-formed, slightly arched
muzzle, giving a Roman appearance. Lips are tightly stretched, well covering the lower jaw. Nostrils well open. Jaws opening wide and hinged well
back of the eyes, with strongly developed bones and teeth - Powerful canine teeth; teeth fit closely together in a scissors bite. An even bite is a
minor fault. And other deviation is a serious fault.

Neck
Long, muscular, clean-cut, without dewlap, slightly arched in the nape, flowing gracefully into the shoulders without creating the impression of a right
angle.

Trunk
The trunk is long and fully muscled. When viewed in profile, the back lies in the straightest possible line between the withers and the short, very
slightly arched loin. A body that hangs loosely between the shoulders is a serious fault.  Abdomen -Slightly drawn up.

Forequarters
For effective underground work, the front must be strong, deep, long and cleanly muscled. Forequarters in detail: Chest - The breast-bone is
strongly prominent in front so that on either side a depression or dimple appears. When viewed from the front, the thorax appears oval and extends
downward to the mid-point of the forearm. The enclosing structure of the well-sprung ribs appears full and oval to allow, by its ample capacity,
complete development of heart and lungs. The keel merges gradually into the line of the abdomen and extends well beyond the front legs. Viewed in
profile, the lowest point of the breast line is covered by the front leg. Shoulder blades-long, broad, well-laid back and firmly placed upon the fully
developed thorax, closely fitted at the withers, furnished with hard yet pliable muscles. Upper Arm - Ideally the same length as the shoulder blade
and at right angles to the latter, strong of bone and hard of muscle, lying close to the ribs, with elbows close to the body, yet capable of free
movement. Forearm–Short; supplied with hard yet pliable muscles on the front and outside, with tightly stretched tendons on the inside and at the
back, slightly curved inwards. The joints between the forearms and the feet (wrists) are closer together than the shoulder joints, so that the front
does not appear absolutely straight. The inclined shoulder blades, upper arms and curved forearms form parentheses that enclose the ribcage,
creating the correct “wraparound front.” Knuckling over is a disqualifying fault. Feet-Front paws are full, tight, compact, with well-arched toes and
tough, thick pads.  They may be equally inclined a trifle outward. There are five toes, four in use, close together with a pronounced arch and strong,
short nails. Front dewclaws may be removed.

Hindquarters
Strong and cleanly muscled. The pelvis, the thigh, the second thigh, and the rear pastern are ideally the same length and give the appearance of a
series of right angles. From the rear, the thighs are strong and powerful. The legs turn neither in nor out.  Rear pasterns - Short and strong,
perpendicular to the second thigh bone. When viewed from behind, they are upright and parallel.  Feet-Hind Paws - Smaller than the front paws with
four compactly closed and arched toes with tough, thick pads. The entire foot points straight ahead and is balanced equally on the ball and not
merely on the toes. Rear dewclaws should be removed. Croup - Long, rounded and full, sinking slightly toward the tail. Tail - Set in continuation of
the spine, extending without kinks, twists, or pronounced curvature, and not carried too gaily.

Gait
Fluid and smooth. Forelegs reach well forward, without much lift, in unison with the driving action of hind legs. The correct shoulder assembly and
well-fitted elbows allow the long, free stride in front. Viewed from the front, the legs do not move in exact parallel planes, but incline slightly inward.
Hind legs drive on a line with the forelegs, with hock joints and rear pasterns (metatarsus) turning neither in nor out. The propulsion of the hind leg
depends on the dog’s ability to carry the hind leg to complete extension. Viewed in profile, the forward reach of the hind leg equals the rear
extension. The thrust of correct movement is seen when the rear pads are clearly exposed during rear extension. Rear feet do not reach upward
toward the abdomen and there is no appearance of walking on the rear pasterns. Feet must travel parallel to the line of motion with no tendency to
swing out, cross over, or interfere with each other. Short, choppy movement, rolling or high-stepping gait, close or overly wide coming or going are
incorrect.  The dachshund must have agility, freedom of movement, and endurance to do the work for which he was developed.

Temperament
The dachshund is clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness, persevering in above and below-ground work, with all the senses well-
developed.  Any display of shyness is a serious fault.

Special Characteristics of the Three Coat Varieties
The dachshund is bred with three varieties of coat: (1) Smooth; (2) Wirehaired; (3) Longhaired and is shown in two sizes, standard and miniature. All
three varieties and both sizes must conform to the characteristics already specified.  The following features are applicable for each variety:

Smooth Dachshund
Coat - Short, smooth and shining. Should be neither too long nor too thick. Ears not leathery. Tail - Gradually tapered to a point, well but not too
richly haired. Long sleek bristles on the underside are considered a patch of strong-growing hair, not a fault. A brush tail is a fault, as is also a partly
or wholly hairless tail.

Color of Hair - Although base color is immaterial, certain patterns and basic colors predominate. One-colored Dachshunds include red and cream,
with or without a shading of interspersed dark hairs. A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable, but not desirable.  Nose and nails-black.

Two-colored Dachshunds include black, chocolate, wild boar, gray (blue) and fawn (Isabella), each with deep, rich tan or cream markings over the
eyes, on the sides of the jaw and underlip, on the inner edge of the ear, front, breast, sometimes on the throat, inside and behind the front legs, on
the paws and around the anus, and from there to about one-third to one-half of the length of the tail on the underside. Undue prominence of tan or
cream markings is undesirable. A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable but not desirable. Nose and Nails - In the case of black dogs,
black; for chocolate and all other colors, dark brown, but self-colored is acceptable.

Dappled Dachshunds - The dapple (merle) pattern is expressed as lighter-colored areas contrasting with the darker base color, which may be any
acceptable color. Neither the light nor the dark color should predominate. Nose and nails are the same as for one and two-colored Dachshunds.
Partial or wholly blue (wall) eyes are as acceptable as dark eyes. A large area of white on the chest of a dapple is permissible.

Brindle is a pattern (as opposed to a color) in which black or dark stripes occur over the entire body although in some specimens the pattern may be
visible only in the tan points.

Sable - The sable pattern consists of a uniform dark overlay on red dogs.  The overlay hairs are double-pigmented, with the tip of each hair much
darker than the base color. The pattern usually displays a widow’s peak on the head. Nose, nails and eye rims are black.  Eyes are dark, the darker
the better.

Wirehaired Dachshunds
Coat - With the exception of jaw, eyebrows, and ears, the whole body is covered with a uniform tight, short, thick, rough, hard, outer coat but with
finer, somewhat softer, shorter hairs (undercoat) everywhere distributed between the coarser hairs. The absence of an undercoat is a fault. The
distinctive facial furnishings include a beard and eyebrows. On the ears the hair is shorter than on the body, almost smooth. The general
arrangement of the hair is such that the wirehaired dachshund, when viewed from a distance, resembles the smooth. Any sort of soft hair in the
outercoat, wherever found on the body, especially on the top of the head, is a fault. The same is true of long, curly, or wavy hair, or hair that sticks
out irregularly in all directions. Tail - Robust, thickly haired, gradually tapering to a point. A flag tail is a fault. Color of Hair - While the most common
colors are wild boar, black and tan, and various shades of red, all colors and patterns listed above are admissible.

Wild boar (agouti) appears as banding of the individual hairs and imparts an overall grizzled effect which is most often seen on wirehaired
dachshunds, but may also appear on other coats. Tan points may or may not be evident. Variations include red boar and chocolate-and-tan boar.
Nose, nails and eye rims are black on wild-boar and red-boar dachshunds. On chocolate-and-tan-boar dachshunds, nose, nails, eye rims and eyes
are self-colored, the darker the better.

A small amount of white on the chest, although acceptable, is not desirable.  Nose and nails - Same as the smooth variety.

Longhaired Dachshund
Coat - The sleek, glistening, often slightly wavy hair is longer under the neck and on forechest, the underside of the body, the ears and behind the
legs. The coat gives the dog an elegant appearance. Short hair on the ear is not desirable. Too profuse a coat which masks type, equally long hair
over the whole body, a curly coat, or a pronounced parting on the back are faults. Tail -Carried gracefully in prolongation of the spine; the hair
attains its greatest length here and forms a veritable flag. Color of Hair -Same as for the smooth Dachshund. Nose and nails -Same as for the
smooth.

The foregoing description is that of the ideal Dachshund. Any deviation from the above described dog must be penalized to the extent of the
deviation keeping in mind the importance of the contribution of the various features toward the basic original purpose of the breed.

Disqualification
Knuckling over of front legs
I. Doxi Trivia, Facts & Fun
Origin
Some experts think that the dachshund dates back to antiquity and was depicted in Egyptian Reliefs. While that may be true, it is widely  accepted
that the Germans were largely responsible for the development of the dog we know today. Some type of field spaniel and a terrier were likely bred to
the smooth to produce the long haired and wire haired varieties. Their unique shape was developed to search  for their quarry, the badger.
Dachshund translated means Badger Hound.  Hunters of that day used the dachshund to  keep the number of badgers in check, while today hunters
use the dachshund  in a variety of settings. His hunting spirit and good nose, long tongue and  distinctive build make him suitable for below ground
work and for beating the bush. His keen nose gives him an advantage over many  other breeds for trailing. Today, dachshunds can be seen in many
AKC sanctioned activities; such as Earth Dog, Agility, Tracking,  Obedience, Field Trials and Conformation. In addition, some are involved in pet
therapy work while others have been trained as drug  sniffing dogs by the police.

General Appearance
According to the standard, the dachshund is low to the ground, long in body and short of leg with robust muscles and elastic, pliable skin.
The dachshund is bred in two sizes, which are defined by weight. The standard dachshund ranges in weight from 16-32 pounds, and the miniature
dachshund weighs 11 pound and under. In addition, he is bred in three coat varieties, the smooth, the long haired, and the
wire haired. His small to medium size makes him particularly suited for small yards and apartment living.

Temperament
The dachshund is clever, lively and courageous. He is affectionate and loving to his family. The dachshund craves being the center of all
family activities, and he is not a dog well suited to being an outside pet. The dachshund is protective of his environment and may bark when he
senses a potential threat.

Routine Care
All dogs require proper nutrition, a clean environment, routine veterinary care with immunization and dental care to maintain optimal
health. This will facilitate a long, healthy life. All new pups should receive a thorough exam by your vet within 72 hours of purchase. Monthly
heartworm prevention is required in many areas. Your breeder will likely recommend a type of dog food or you can seek the advice of your vet. Be
aware that dog food labels may recommend an amount that is more than necessary to maintain a fit and healthy dachshund. Be wary of over feeding
and giving too many treats. An overweight dachshund is prone to many of the same problems experienced by overweight humans, such as diabetes,
joint problems, decreased stamina and possibly, problems with the back. Your dachshund should never be allowed to run free. A fenced yard will
provide your dachshund with a safe place to exercise and will prevent injuries such as being struck by a car. In addition, it will reduce the likelihood of
his being a nuisance in your community. Remember, your dachshund should never run free unless involved in hunting or some similar activity. Make
sure your dachshund is identified with tags, tattoo, or microchip in case it gets lost. Whatever the method of identification, be sure to enroll the
microchip or tattoo for lifetime recovery protection.

Grooming
Dachshunds are generally very clean dogs with little to no body odor. Minimal grooming requirements to maintain the Dachshund include clipping the
nails, cleaning the inside of the ears, bathing when necessary and removing tartar from the teeth at least twice yearly, when indicated. Wire haired
and long haired dachshunds may require professional grooming with frequent brushing of the coat.

Crate Training
Dogs are by nature den animals and contrary to the belief that crates are jails, they provide your Dachshund with a sense of safety and security.
Crates also foster peace of mind for you when you are away, knowing that your dachshund is safe. In addition, it can be an important adjunct to the
housebreaking regimen. Most dogs don’t want to soil their own bed. Introduce your dachshund to the crate gradually and make the inside appealing
and comfortable. Provide soft bedding and toys for your puppy. Treats can be used to encourage your dachshund to enter the crate and should be
given as rewards for every successful training period. Gradually increase the time your dachshund remains in the crate. Release your dachshund
only when he is quiet and reward him.

Spay and Neutering
The Dachshund Club of America strongly recommends that you spay or neuter your dachshund. Many responsible breeders require this by selling
pet dachshunds with spay/neuter contracts. There are many reasons for this recommendation. Neutered animals are healthier and generally live
longer lives. In addition, there is concern in the United States about over population with unwanted animals, resulting in the euthanasia of countless
dogs.

Conclusion
Finally, if the day ever comes that you can no longer keep your dachshund for any reason, the Dachshund Club of America urges you to never take
your dachshund to an animal shelter. You should contact the breeder of your Dachshund!

Belle Amore Dachshunds
864-621-1228
belleamoredachshunds@gmail.com
English Cream Dachshund information
all about little doxies... Belle Amore Dachshunds
Numerous studies have shown that people who have dogs for pets have a longer life expectancy. Some research indicates that a well-loved dog can
add as much as seven years to your life.

Research on heart attack victims has shown that a person who shares his heart and home with a dog have a 28% higher survival rate.

It has falsely been reported that he first dog that stared in the Wizard of Oz was a miniature dachshund by the name of Otto. However, Otto had his
day of stardom. He later played the part of Colonel Klink’s dog in the TV series, Hogan’s Heroes.

Famous personalities from the past that shared their life with a dachshund include: Marlon Brando, Clark Gable, Errol Flynn and Carol Lombard.
Modern day celebrities, Madonna had a dachshund, and Radar from the TV series M.A.S.H. loved dachshunds, he had five. John Wayne’s
dachshund, Blackie, became famous overnight when he appeared in the headlines for saving Mrs. Wayne and their twenty month old daughter from
a house fire.

The official mascot for the 1972 Summer Olympics was a dachshund called Waldi.

Pablo Picasso drew great inspiration for his art work from his dachshund Lump.

Andy Warhol is an American iconic artist famous for his art work of the Campbell Soup can and Marilyn Monroe. He had two dachshunds named
Amos and Archie. They inspired his famous piece of a purple toned dachshund.

Queen Victoria of England had a dachshund named Dacko. Upon his death in 1871 she immortalized Dacko with a bronze statue and placed it on the
grounds of Windsor Castle.

President Grover Cleveland shared the White House with cows, chickens and a dachshund.

Dachshunds were breed to hunt and capture badgers. Their breed name comes from the German words for badger and hound. But there were times
in the past when they were trained to hunt in packs so they could capture larger animals like wild boar and wolverines. Smaller dachshunds were
used to hunt rabbits and other small animals.

During World War I and World War II dachshunds suffered because of their association to the enemy. There were reports that dachshunds were
even stoned in the streets. In support of the breed many people began calling dachshunds badger dogs, or liberty dogs. Dachshunds were
redeemed worthy in the eyes of some when a dachshund named Zev V Waldback successfully found 600 enemy mines during World War II.

In the late 1800, “hot dog” was used to describe a well-dressed young man.

In 1852 a butcher in Germany made the first smoked, spiced sausage. He called it a little dog or a dachshund sausage because it resembled the
German dachshund.

The first recorded use of the word "hot dog" in the US was at Yale in 1894 when the young students called the wagons selling sausages dog wagons.
The term described their suspicion of the origin of the "dogs."

In 1901 a cartoonist attending a sports event in New York saw vendors roaming the aisles pushing their red-hot dachshund sausages. He
imaginatively put a smiling dachshund in a bun and captioned it a hot dog because he did not know how to spell dachshund.

The oldest living dachshund on record is a dachshund named Chanel. She lived in New York and was born on May 6, 1988. Chanel passed away in
2009 at the astonishing age of 21 years, 3 months and 22 days.

Dachshunds are among the favorite breeds for Americans. They have been in the top ten breeds registered with the AKC for years!  
I will not use dogs for breeding that are not American Kennel Club (AKC) registered.

I will not use my studs on unregistered bitches.

I shall breed and/or provide stud service to conform to the AKC Standard of Excellence (Breed Standard) and only from quality, healthy stock.

I will screen for inherited diseases as known in the breed and will not breed dogs that are known to have/carry those diseases or screen for them.

I shall ensure that at all times dogs under my control shall be kept under sanitary conditions and shall be given maximum health protection through
regular inoculations and proper nutrition.

I will ensure that my dogs shall be contained within safe restrictions whenever their safety cannot be personally supervised.

I will not sell dogs or puppies without true representation to the purchaser nor use misleading or untruthful statements in selling or advertising.

All puppies will be sold as pets except those I have reason to believe are of excellent breeding quality or show potential.

I will not sell puppies to pet shops, puppy mills, or laboratories.

I will screen prospective buyers as thoroughly as possible to determine their desire and ultimate intent for each puppy or dog acquired from me.

All puppies leaving my possession shall be a minimum of eight (8) weeks of age or if being shipped to another state, they must be at least twelve (12)
weeks of age.

I will supply each purchaser with: a) at least a three generation pedigree, b) a complete medical record, and c) details on proper feeding and care.

The buyer will agree that I will be contacted whenever an owner can no longer keep a dog at any time in the dogs' life and it will be my obligation as a
breeder to take the dog back or arrange for its' care until such time that the dog can be placed in a new home.

Pet puppy purchasers will be strongly encouraged to spay or neuter all pet quality puppies and such puppies will be sold with the AKC Limited
Registration and/or spay/neuter contract.

I will cover all stud service terms by written agreement and keep accurate records of matings and births as required by the AKC.

I will assist in the placement of any dogs sired by my stud and will encourage the breeder to ask a price for puppies consistent with pride in the breed.

I will help educate the public in the Breed Standard and care of my breed and all other areas of animal welfare which I am qualified to discuss.

I will try to educate people as to the correct sizes, coats and colors of the miniature dachshund.

I will observe all AKC rules and regulations and abide by the By-Laws of the National Miniature Dachshund Club, Inc.

I will devote myself to the betterment of the breed and promote the fancy through my deeds and conduct.